Andersen, Hans Christian
- (1805-1875)A Danish fairy tale writer, novelist, dramatist, and poet, Andersen came from a working-class background and felt like an outsider all of his life. However, he is Scandinavia's best-known writer, and his stories are known and loved throughout the world. Andersen did not hit on the idea of writing tales until well into his career. His first significant published work was a collection of sketches entitled Fodreise fra Holmens Canal til Østpynten af Amager i Aarene 1828 og 1829 (1829; A Walking Tour from Holmen's Canal to the Eastern Point of Amager in the Years 1828 and 1829), in which he described his observations while walking through Copenhagen. He also published an early poetry collection, Digte (1830; Poems), as well as Phantasier og Skizzer (1831; Fantasies and Sketches), which contains additional poems.Andersen's main object in the early years of his career was to become a dramatist. An example of his efforts in this vein is his play Mulatten (1840; The Mulatto), an interracial love story set on the island of Martinique. His earliest success, however, came through his novels. Written after a journey to Italy, where it is set, the novel Improvisatoren (1835; tr. TheImprovisatore, 1845) became agreat success. Andersen also received much favorable attention for his other novels, O. T. (1836; tr. 1845), Kun en Spillemand (1837; tr. Only a Fiddler, 1845), De to Baronesser (1848; tr. The Two Baronesses, 1848), At være eller ikke være (1857; tr. To Be, or Not To Be? 1857), and Lykke-Peer (1870; tr. Lucky Peer, 1871). Most of these books contain autobiographical references.Autobiographical elements are also present in Andersen's fairy tales, the genre which brought him his worldwide reputation. He produced a total of 156 tales that were published in 11 volumes with such titles as Eventyr, fortalte for Børn (1835; Tales Told for Children), Historier (1852; Stories), and Eventyr og Historier (1858; Tales and Stories). The tales vary greatly by content. Some are simply retellings of well-known folktales or folklore; others have a point that one would associate neither with a children's story nor with a folklore text. For example, "Skyggen" (1847; tr. "The Shadow," multiple publication dates) features a scholar who searches for the good, the true, and the beautiful, only to have his social position taken over by his shadow, who finally arranges to have the man killed. Other tales have slightly different messages for adults and children. For example, "Den grimme Ælling" (1844; tr. "The Ugly Duckling," multiple publication dates) makes a philosophical point that is probably lost on most children, namely, that memories of having been raised by ducks will color one's life even if most of it is lived among swans. Many of Andersen's tales owe their power to the presence of different layers of meaning as well as to the simple colloquial language Andersen employs.Andersen traveled widely and used his experiences in a number of travel narratives, most of which were translated into English during his lifetime. He published several versions of his autobiography, the final version being Mit Livs Eventyr (1855; tr. and expanded as The Story of My Life, 1871). His diaries were published in 10 volumes 1971-1977. A selection in English bears the title The Diaries of Hans Christian Andersen (1990).See also Children's books.
Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. Jan Sjavik. 2006.
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Andersen, Hans Christian — born April 2, 1805, Odense, near Copenhagen, Den. died Aug. 4, 1875, Copenhagen Danish writer of fairy tales. Though reared in poverty, he received a university education. In his many collections of tales, published 1835–72, he broke with… … Universalium
Andersen,Hans Christian — An·der·sen (ănʹdər sən), Hans Christian. 1805 1875. Danish writer known for his fairy tales, including “The Princess and the Pea” and “The Ugly Duckling.” * * * … Universalium
Andersen, Hans Christian — (1805 75) A Danish shoemaker s son who as a child had heard traditional storytelling in the spinning room or during the hop harvest . He began writing fairytales in 1835, and continued all his life; the first English translations appeared in… … A Dictionary of English folklore
Andersen, Hans Christian — ► (1805 75) Poeta y cuentista danés. Sus cuentos han sido lectura de los niños de muchas generaciones y países. La mayor parte de ellos son de origen popular y constituyen una aportación de valor universal. Destacan El encendedor de yesca, La… … Enciclopedia Universal
ANDERSEN, HANS CHRISTIAN — a world famous story teller of Danish birth, son of a poor shoemaker, born at Odense; was some time before he made his mark, was honoured at length by the esteem and friendship of the royal family, and by a national festival on his seventieth… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Andersen, Hans Christian — (1805–1875) Not son. Danish writer of children’s tales … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Andersen, Hans Christian — for the Danish writer of children s tales. Not son … Dictionary of troublesome word
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Hans-Christian-Andersen-Medaille — Der Hans Christian Andersen Preis wird vom IBBY (International Board on Books for Young People), einem international besetzten Kuratorium aus mittlerweile fast 70 Ländern, alle zwei Jahre vergeben. Er ist nach dem dänischen Schriftsteller Hans… … Deutsch Wikipedia